Pseudoscience and Science Denialism: Common Tricks

Common Trick: The Illusion of Science

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Common Trick 1: It's got toxins/chemicals in it!!!11!!!1!

Setting aside the fact that such headlines and articles misuse the term "toxin", science denialists will cite the fact that something has a "toxin" in it as evidence that it should be banned. And besides, think about the children! Oh, won't someone please think about the children! What makes something dangerous to our health is not its mere presence, but rather its dose (relative to body weight). All chemicals, including water and oxygen are poisonous at extremely high doses. And all chemicals are innocuous at extremely low doses. In order to claim that a chemi-kill is poisonous or toxic we need to know to dosage relative to body weight in the source. We also need to know what its half-life is in the body. That is, we need to know how long it takes for the body to either expel or chemically neurtralize the chemikill.

The video below demonstrates and explains the concepts above in a fun way: He chemist ingests cyanid (and doesn't die).

But it's got chemikillz….
Everything is made up of chemicals. From water, to air, to earth, to YOU. The presence of chemicals tells us nothing in respect to something's effect on our health.

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Examples:

1. Glyphosate on wheat.

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Publishing in Fake Journals
The internet has not only given rise to fake news sites but also fake academic journals. Normally, to get published in an academic journal the author submits it for blind review by 3 other experts in that field. The paper is either rejected, accepted with revisions, or accepted as is. Also, in real academic journals you never pay to be published. Fake academic journals purport to review submissions but don't so, anyone can write anything and it will get published no matter how bad the quality of the research. Also, fake journals charge for publication. This guarantees the article will be published regardless of its contents. For non-experts, it can be quite difficult to distinguish between real and fake journals. Experts know what the real ones are but if you're a non-expert, unless you do a bit of googling, you're not going to be able to know.

Some articles on problem:
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/29/upshot/fake-academe-looking-much-like-the-real-thing.html?_r=3

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